Blackheads are a mild type of acne. It forms as small bumps that we see on our skin. It also appears on your skin because of the clogged hair follicles. Blackheads are named as such because the surface looks dark or black. Blackheads are common and annoying. People are fed up and those who suffer from this skin condition are fighting a constant battle for life. There are many products in the market nowadays which claims to get rid of blackheads however the big question is what method is the most effective? Some may think the most quick and obvious way to remove those pesky blackheads is by doing a manual removal or extraction using your fingers. Please don’t do it.
Here are tips from the pros recommended to help us to prevent the occurrence of blackhead and ways to effectively remove them. These tips are a mixture of home remedies, prescriptions, and OTC methods. Regular skin care maintenance is very important so when you have found the best approach that suits you try to stick to that same routine.
Blackheads are also known as “open comedones”. They are inside the pores which are full on the surface called “pilosebaceous unit”. The plug is made of dirt and oil excess. When this is exposed to air it oxidizes which causes it to change color (black). Some other people have more visible blackheads compared to other people. The appearance depends on different factors such as the age, genes, hormone level, and skin care routine of a person. Teenagers are the individuals who are more prone to having blackheads but older people (elderly) also suffer from this skin problem.
Exfoliation involves the removal of dead skin cells on the surface of the skin. It can be achieved through mechanical or chemical means. Regular exfoliation can help remove even the oldest dead skin cells to help in keeping the pores clean. It also improves the blood circulation on your face which will give your skin a moisturized, healthy and youthful glowing skin. If we really want to get rid or minimize the blackheads on our face then exfoliation is the key.
Several products are advertised like cleansers, sponges or brushes which help in gentle scrubbing either manually or chemically to clean clogged pores but have you ever thought of a remedy that can be found at home? Yes, it is baking soda. Baking soda powder is the ingredient used on microdermabrasion. It is an exfoliating method that should be done regularly wherein it aims to minimize blackheads. When baking soda powder is mixed on water, it can be useful and creates a paste- like consistency great for scrubbing. You can also replace water with apple cider. Apple cider is known with its astringent property and anti- bacterial elements that will surely be effective in cleaning out the pores.
Clay masks are a type of facial masks which can be good for people who have combination skin type to oily skin. These masks are helpful in cleaning the pores deeply and give a result of smoother skin after using. Like the microdermabrasion, using clay masks become effective if done regularly for great results. Many specialists believe that the usage of products with very strong or irritating powders and pastes, kaolin infused clay masks can yield bad and good things on your skin. Though it can be sure to gently exfoliate and help in the oil absorption on the surface of your skin, it can also pile up little by little some excess products after some time.
Pore strips are very accessible because it is everywhere in drugstores, malls or supermarkets. It is a quick method to get away plugged pores and you can see an immediate result after using it. However it was found out that removing blackheads using pore strips can recur when the skin care regimen you are currently in is not done properly. Preventive measures also are a must be done regularly in order to prevent future presence of blackheads.
Salicylic and Glycolic Acid
Acids (such as AHA and BHA) are the best way in removing dirt and oil clogged pores. Salicylic acid is commonly used in beauty regimens incorporated in products like in toners or in cleansers even in combination peels. Salicylic is an acid that is lipophilic, meaning it becomes attracted to oil or fats. It works on the skin’s surface pore to effectively clear out pores. Furthermore, glycolic acid is another acid which is alpha hydroxy. It comes from the sugar cane and it is helpful in clearing the dead skin as well as other debris that can be found on the skin’s surface. You can use these two acids and see better results.
A by- product is an excellent methods to prevent blackhead recurrence and formation. It also helps clear oil and dirt clogged pores. Formulations that are prescription- strength are highly effective although there are also OTC retinol formulations of the same level. These derivatives focus on the skin’s surface receptors. It improves the growth of the skin and sheds to help fight the formation of acne. The epidermis (outer layer of the skin) becomes thicker and more even out and the outer layer of dead skins shed. Peeling sometimes can be seen when used regularly but after several weeks after using, the skin will become clear and more glowing.
This is a professional method of treating blackheads. A dermatologist who specializes in skin problems will provide treatments that involve chemical peeling as well as comedone extractions. These methods are popular in keeping the appearance and the skin texture radiant.
Things to remember!
Do not squeeze your blackheads. This can cause your skin to get irritated then infected and worst, it can cause scarring. Do not use sharp tools on your skin. See a dermatologist once in a while or when needed.